Creating a fantasy languageElfin and Orcish amount of words so far
Fantasy Constructed Languages Part 1: Sounds
Fantasy Constructed Languages Part 2: Parts of speech - nouns
Fantasy Constructed Languages Part 3: Parts of speech - adjectives
Fantasy Constructed Languages Part 4: Parts of speech - articles, quantifiers, prepositions, questions
Fantasy Constructed Languages Part 5: Parts of speech - why, pronouns, conjunctions,
Before going to far into adjectives, ahead of time you want to figure out
- how your will differentiate adjectives from nouns
- how will you show comparison and superlatives
- how you will position your adjectives compared to your nouns.
English uses two main ways to differentiate adjectives. First, English uses words to proceed adjectives to show comparison 'more' and superlative 'most'. Second, it also uses several suffixes such as -ful, -al, -some, -ar, -ish, -ary, -ic, -less, -like, -ly, -y, and -ous. It uses -er for comparative and -est for superlatives. In Fairy I'll use prefixes.
Normal, comparative, and superlatives
For Fairy I will use na- for normal use, nga- for comparison, and ma- for superlative as prefixes to the adjective words.
Adjectives v Noun position
In English, normally adjective go before the nouns that they describe, like the 'white house'. I think in Fairy I will keep that convention of adjective + noun. Some of my other languages have adjectives after nouns which is more like Spanish.
30 Fairy adjectives
I use 30 Swadesh adjectives to create my first adjectives. I try to keep the words at one syllable since I will be adding a prefix to the root word, sometimes looking at the nouns that I did last time to become possible root words for those nouns.
Normal form will be na + root word, comparative nga + root word, and superlative ma + root word
For these adjective words for this fairy language,
1. big lang
2. long tof
3. wide zan
4. thick dan
5. heavy dot
6. small iha
7. short viz
8. narrow da
9. thin ile
10. warm yan
11. cold win
12. full jof
13. new yen
14. old hom
15. good shin
16. bad tsom
17. rotten tash
18. dirty ez
19. straight fol
20. round ji
21. sharp di
22. dull los
23. smooth dah
24. wet sar
25. dry sho
26. correct jana
27. near tsay
28. far don
29. right joly
30. left vily
Now we can do small phrases using normal, comparative, and superlatives forms with the 53 nouns and these 30 adjectives.
big dog nalang vava
bigger dog ngalang vava
biggest dog malang vava
new tree nayen lanyi
newer tree ngayen lanyi
newest tree mayen lanyi
Now we have 53 nouns and 30 adjectives in the constructed Fairy Language equaling 83 total words.