Sunday, December 18, 2016

Fantasy Constructed Languages Part 9: Parts of speech - verb tense

Other fantasy language posts
Creating a fantasy languageElfin and Orcish amount of words so far
Fantasy Constructed Languages Part 1: Sounds
Fantasy Constructed Languages Part 2: Parts of speech - nouns
Fantasy Constructed Languages Part 3: Parts of speech - adjectives
Fantasy Constructed Languages Part 4: Parts of speech - articles, quantifiers, prepositions, questions
Fantasy Constructed Languages Part 5: Parts of speech - why, pronouns, conjunctions,
Fantasy Constructed Languages Part 6: Parts of speech - verbs
Fantasy Constructed Languages Part 7: Parts of speech - verbs (Part 2)
Fantasy Constructed Languages Part 8: Parts of speech - verbs (Part 3)
Fantasy Constructed Languages Part 9: Parts of speech - verb tense

I review first my sounds in order to later make a sound chart

sounds unordered
 l, r, s, sh, f, n, ts, y, and vowels i, and e (no t, k, c, b, g, p, q, x)
 m ng ny j d t th v h w z      a o (no u)

We Created 55 verbs to which we can add further meaning

From the last two posts we created 55 verbs. They were also each tested with several nouns.

One of the most common  functions of verbs is to provide time period information in addition to the action which is the tense of the verb. Many languages have the tenses past, present, and future. Some have only two such as past and non-past or future and non-future.


For fairy/celestial language, I think that it would be neat to focus mainly on the present moment rather than the past or the future. Many of our modern expressions and phrases tell us to focus on the moment, 'don't worry about the future', and 'not dwell on the past'. What happen's if our collective identified faries not only think according to the well being of the group but maybe they mainly think about the 'here and now' more than the future or what happened in the past.

For the non-present word, it could most likely refer to the past. That way they can describe what happened and use it as lessons.

If I create a word for future action maybe it can be used in terms of prophesy or oracle prediction rather than intention

But first we need to construct something to add or go with the 55 verbs to modify their meaning. Let's revisit the 55 verbs first..

1 to drink                 elsha
2 to eat                        irets
3 to bite                      vengan
4 to suck                                 yisoth
5 to spit                              tsew
6 to vomit                            wehol
7 to blow                    hishi
8 to breathe                  isho
9 to laugh                      denya
10 to see                        zeja
11 to hear                           teni
12 to know                           nyatha
13 to think                        zoti
14 to smell                  fimo
15 to fear, to risk, to try        adir
16 to sleep                        izas
17 to live                         lija
18 to die                            fathy
19 to kill                               lodosh
20 to fight                      dazom
21 to hunt                      majan
22 to hit                         tadon
23 to cut                        minja
24 to split                         molanyi
25 to stab, stick                   todas
26 to scratch                           fonya
27 to dig                          ezif
28 to swim                       tsisho
29 to fly                      vimas
30 to walk                   mengo
31 to come                            linsa
32 to lie (as in a bed)               wanyo
33 to sit                          etsy
34 to stand                                zala
35 to turn (intransitive)                 yisla
36 to fall                                ilados
37 to give                         jathi
38 to hold                   wolanda
39 to squeeze                    lafani
40 to rub                         jonam
41 to wash                       yawos
42 to wipe                      sheras
43 to pull, lead, draw, tug     tsamosh
44 to push, thrust, drive               sivaj
45 to throw                                 tishaz
46 to tie                          nyilo
47 to sew                              omanya
48 to count                        hasrondo
49 to say, utter               rasa
50 to sing                       roma
51 to play, jest, game     anotsa
52 to float                       othinah
53 to flow, flood                 noda
54 to freeze                    zidi
55 to swell                  langa

Making a verb tense modifier

To make these verb tense first I review the key sounds that I've already established in the prior sections. I do this in order to minimize possible confusion due to creating similar sounding words or modifiers of words. I make a large table showing all of the consonant vowel and vowel consonant combinations. I then cross out the sounds used so far for grammatical uses.

Eliminating possible distracting or confusing sounds

I have used these modifiers so far
ara   (ar ra)
tha, fe
osh, oz
wa, ni, li, sho, ne
nga, na, no, ma

I also eliminate some of English commonly used verb and grammatical sound modifiers such as ed, ing, the/thi (reminds me of 'the' and 'thee' in Eng), li (sounds like -ly), we/wi (reminds me of 'we' pronoun), and re/ri.

Interesting unused consonant sounds

The consonant sounds that stick out the most to me are f, y, j, ts, l, and v as interesting prospective uses.


Present Tense

So, I begin with my structure that i decided on earlier

1) present tense       (j)ey [which is pronounced like English aye or jay] 
I'll make it a suffix much like English -ing, which may help recognizing its function.'jey' is only used when proceeded by a vowel sound root word ending. Whereas 'ey' is used when proceeded by a consonant root word ending.

to drink elsha;  is/am drinking, drink, drinks elshajey
to eat irets; is/am eating, eat, eats iretsey
to fight dazom; is/am fighting, fight, fights dazomey

Non-Present tense

2) non-present tense   Fa(v)
Instead of being a suffix, I'll make the non-present tense a prefix.

to drink elsha;  was drinking, drank, have drunk, will drink, will have drunk, should drink, could drink, could have drunk, might drink, will be drinking, will have been drinking favelsha
to eat irets; was eating, ate, had eaten, will eat, will have eaten, should eat, could eat, could have eaten, might eat, will be eating, will have been eating favirets
to fight dazom; was fighting, fought, had fought, will fight, will have fought, should fight, could fight, could have fought, might fight, will be fighting, will have been fighting fadazom

Prophesy or oracle prediction

3) prophectic or oracle prediction (seeing into the future) tso(l)
When something has been seen and is known as prophetic, then this word will be used. The chance of occurring is nearly certain because of a vision or seeing the future. This form isn't just future tense, it's almost like a past tense version of the future. Fairies consider these events to have already occurred, and time is waiting for the situations to be triggered.

to drink elsha;  will certainly drink, it has been seen that __ will drink, it is written that ___ will drink tsolelsha
to eat irets; will certainly eat, it has been seen that __ will eat, it is written that ___ will eat tsolirets
to fight dazom; will certainly fight, it has been seen that __ will fight, it is written that ___ will fight tsodazom

Total Words in Fairy Language

To the 194 words that we made in the prior posts, we have now added 3 important words (used as prefix and suffix), which brings our total Fairy words to 197 important basic Fairy words.

The next post I'll consider common fantasy jargon words like sword, dragon, magic, and more.

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